The land was not yet in British possession, but the sale boxed in the portion of New Netherland on the West side of the Delaware River. , It also ranks 8th in the nation in Winemaking. Pennsylvania offers a number of notable amusement parks, including Camel Beach, Conneaut Lake Park, Dorney Park & Wildwater Kingdom, Dutch Wonderland, DelGrosso's Amusement Park, Hersheypark, Idlewild Park, Kennywood, Knoebels, Lakemont Park, Sandcastle Waterpark, Sesame Place, Great Wolf Lodge and Waldameer Park. In the 2008 Presidential Election, Democrat Barack Obama defeated Republican John McCain in Pennsylvania, 3,184,778 (54%) to 2,584,088 (44%).  The forest is located in the northwest part of the state in Elk, Forest, McKean, and Warren Counties for the purposes of timber production and watershed protection in the Allegheny River basin.  In all, Pennsylvania is home to fifty Fortune 500 companies. Other Pennsylvania schools that have won national titles in football include Lafayette College (1896), Villanova University (FCS 2009), the University of Pennsylvania (1895, 1897, 1904 and 1908) and Washington and Jefferson College (1921). In total, 9.9% (1,170,628) of Pennsylvania's population age 5 and older spoke a mother language other than English.. American Baptist Churches USA (Northern Baptist Convention) is based in King of Prussia, Pennsylvania. , In 1988, the Pennsylvania General Assembly passed Act 169, which allows parents or guardians to homeschool their children as an option for compulsory school attendance. Among them, these teams have accumulated 7 World Series Championships (Pirates 5, Phillies 2), 16 National League Pennants (Pirates 9, Phillies 7), 3 pre-Super Bowl era NFL Championships (Eagles), 7 Super Bowl Championships (Steelers 6, Eagles 1), 2 NBA Championships (76ers), and 7 Stanley Cups (Penguins 5, Flyers 2).  First- and second-class cities are governed by a "strong mayor" form of mayor–council government, whereas third-class cities are governed by either a "weak mayor" form of government or a council–manager government.. Download Pennsylvania - State Nickname & EST Year - 2 Files - SVG PNG (264122) today! , Another one of Pennsylvania's nicknames is the Quaker State; in colonial times, it was known officially as the Quaker Province, in recognition of Quaker William Penn's First Frame of Government constitution for Pennsylvania that guaranteed liberty of conscience. The Commonwealth is bordered by Delaware to the southeast, Maryland to the south, West Virginia to the southwest, Ohio to the west, Lake Erie and the Canadian province of Ontario to the northwest, New York to the north, and New Jersey to the east, while the Appalachian Mountains run through its middle. State College serves the central region while Williamsport serves the commonwealth's north-central region as does Chambersburg the south-central region, with York, Carlisle, and the state capital Harrisburg on the Susquehanna River in the east-central region of the Commonwealth and Altoona and Johnstown in the west-central region. Rich in historic lore, Pennsylvania territory was disputed in the early 1600s among the Dutch, the Swedes, and the English. Archived from the original on 2012-04-22. The King added Penn to sylvania in honor of Penn's father, Admiral William Penn. For most of the second half of the 20th century and into the 21st century, Pennsylvania has been a powerful swing state. On May 25, 1787, delegates representing every U.S. state except one convened at Philadelphia's Pennsylvania State House for the Constitutional Convention. A surge in immigration to the U.S. during the late 19th and early 20th centuries provided a steady flow of cheap labor for these industries, which often employed children and people who could not speak English. In 1776, the state's first constitution referred to Pennsylvania as both "State" and "Commonwealth" (either term can be used correctly today). Hale, Horatio "The Iroquois Book of Rites" 1884. Pennsylvania has 140 miles (225 km) of waterfront along Lake Erie and the Delaware River.. Lehigh University is a private research university located in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania is divided into 67 counties.  Residents paid a total of $83.7 billion in state and local taxes with a per capita average of $4,589 annually.  According to U.S. Census Bureau estimates, the state's poverty rate was 12.5% in 2017, compared to 13.4% for the United States as a whole..  Under this plan, any establishment with a liquor license would be allowed up to five machines. Suggested revenue sources include taxing natural gas drilling as Pennsylvania is the only state without such a tax on gas drilling. It was also a keystone state economically, having both the industry common to the North (making such wares as Conestoga wagons and rifles) and the agriculture common to the South (producing feed, fiber, food, and tobacco). Following an architectural selection contest that many alleged had been "rigged", Chicago architect Henry Ives Cobb was charged with designing and building a replacement building; however, the legislature had little money to allocate to the project, and a roughly finished, somewhat industrial building (the Cobb Capitol) was completed. Author Sharon Hernes Silverman calls Pennsylvania the snack food capital of the world. New Sweden claimed and, for the most part, controlled the lower Delaware River region (parts of present-day Delaware, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania) but settled few colonists there. , What had been Upland on what became the Pennsylvania side of the Pennsylvania-Delaware Border was renamed as Chester County when Pennsylvania instituted their colonial governments on March 4, 1681. Since 1992, Pennsylvania has been trending Democratic in Presidential elections, voting for Bill Clinton twice by large margins, and slightly closer in 2000 for Al Gore. , By June 3, 1631, the Dutch had begun settling the Delmarva Peninsula by establishing the Zwaanendael Colony on the site of present-day Lewes, Delaware.  Other tribes who entered the region during the colonial era were the Trockwae, Tutelo, Saponi, Shawnee, Nanticoke, Conoy Piscataway, Iroquois Confederacy—likely among others. The elections for Attorney General, Auditor General, and Treasurer are held every four years coinciding with a Presidential election.. Penn State plays its home games in the second-largest stadium in the United States, Beaver Stadium, which seats 106,572, and is currently led by head coach James Franklin. The Pennsylvanian follows the same route from New York City to Harrisburg, but extends out to Pittsburgh.  Both of the United Soccer League (USL). With the addition of the Philadelphia Union in the MLS, the state now boasts three teams that are eligible to compete for the Lamar Hunt U.S. Open Cup annually. Former Governor Ed Rendell had considered legalizing video poker machines in bars and private clubs in 2009 since an estimated 17,000 operate illegally across the state. June 25, 2008. state.. Pennsylvania State Symbols State Nickname: Keystone State State Slogan: State of Independence; (formerly) Memories Last a Lifetime, You've Got a Friend in Pennsylvania State Motto: Virtue, liberty, and independence State flower: Mountain Laurel State bird: Ruffed Grouse State fish: Brook trout State tree: Hemlock State mammal: White-tailed deer, Great Dane During colonial times Pennsylvania was the middle colony of the original 13 colonies (there are six states above it and six states below it). Straddling two major zones, the majority of the state, except for the southeastern corner, has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfa). PNC is the state's largest bank and the sixth-largest in the United States. Garden of the West. The Commonwealth boasts some of the finest museums in the country, including the Carnegie Museums in Pittsburgh, the Philadelphia Museum of Art, and several others. When referring to the language spoken by the Pennsylvania Dutch people (Pennsylvania German) it means "German" or "Teutonic" rather than "Netherlander". D.G. The treaty of William Penn was never violated. Pennsylvania State History. Thirty-two of the Commonwealth's sixty-seven counties levy a personal property tax on stocks, bonds, and similar holdings. He knew of the hostility Quakers faced when they opposed religious ritual, taking oaths, violence, war and military service, and what they viewed as ostentatious frippery. Notable racetracks in Pennsylvania include the Jennerstown Speedway in Jennerstown, the Lake Erie Speedway in North East, the Mahoning Valley Speedway in Lehighton, the Motordome Speedway(closed) in Smithton, the Mountain Speedway in St. Johns, the Nazareth Speedway in Nazareth (closed); the Lernerville Speedway in Sarver and the Pocono Raceway in Long Pond, which is home to two NASCAR Cup Series races and an IndyCar Series race. Most recently, in the 2016 presidential election, Donald Trump became the first Republican candidate to win the state since 1988, winning the state 48.6% to 47.8%. The fourth-largest Protestant denomination, the United Church of Christ, has 180,000 members and 627 congregations. Just a pretty logo or a way to build a brand? Some people believe the nickname, the Keystone State, originated from the time when the states were voting for their independence from Britain. Like most nicknames, it is not known, for certain, where this name originated, but there are a few interesting thoughts about how this nickname came to be. The Corn State. The southern portion of the state has a humid subtropical climate. Of these, 6,838,440 (53.8%) were estimated to belong to some sort of organized religion. There are nearly one million licensed hunters in Pennsylvania. 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